This page will document the difference between Fascism and National Socialism, and is under regular construction. Last updated January 24th 2023.


“Fascism is an ideology of the supremacy of the state, set above race. National-Socialism is an ideology of the supremacy of the race. Fascism is thus narrowly nationalistic whereas National-Socialism, because of its racial basis, has a global application. . Fascism goes hand-in-hand with Christianity whereas National-Socialism, because of its racial content, is essentially anti-Christian.”

– Colin Jordan, Interview with Portuguese magazine ‘Justica & Liberdade’ (Justice & Freedom), 1997. See also Selected Quotes by Colin Jordan.


Image source: Colin Jordan Memorial Project. PDF of National Socialism Not Fascism can be downloaded here.

by Colin Jordan

“National-Socialism, as the right ideology and only remedy, has to be carefully differentiated from Fascism with which it is commonly and conveniently lumped by opponents, and carelessly confused by adherents. The former is founded on and inseparable from the conception of the folk or racial community.

This determines the nation, and this delineates its citizenship. With National-Socialism, as Arnold Leese put it, “Race is the basis of politics”.

It inescapably follows from this that National-Socialism, properly understood in its inevitable implications, is not and cannot be simply a conventional nationalism, even one based on a proclaimed racial identity, albeit one geographically circumscribed and confined. Racial characteristics, whatever the particular blend within a particular country, transcend the boundary of that country, and thus potentially unite where the barriers of conventional nationalism divide.

The Aryans of this earth have been brought to their present appalling plight by way of the divisive wars of conventional nationalism with non-Aryans fostering and profiting by the friction. The creed of salvation must thus be one of pan-Aryan racialism.
Fascism, despite merits, is not founded on Race, and is not pan-Aryan.

Instead it is only a reformed and vitalized nationalism for the old, geographical, national state. This is why Mussolini in his early days of power, before the influence of Germany as an ally was felt, had Jewish colleagues, and the Fascist Week in the U.K. (27 April – 3 May 1934) included a report that “The Chief Rabbi (of Italy) was a Fascist, and was a strong supporter of Mussolini.”

It is why his granddaughter, Alessandra Mussolini – standing as a candidate for the modified version of the MSI in the March 1994 elections, and obtaining 50.4% of the vote in the racial rubbish heap of Naples happily played the part of a Jewess in a 1989 film, and dismisses anti-Jewish opinion as “old hat” (Sunday Telegraph 5 December 1993)

Based on recognition of Race, and with this being not only the recognition of and zeal to preserve the racial identity of the Aryan folk as distinct from other folk, but recognition also of qualitative differences within the folk itself, and the need therefore to improve the breed as the most effective way to produce a better society; National-Socialism applies this racial outlook to all aspects of government and all else of life in a totality of comprehension.

It derives an ardour for economic and social justice from the notion of kinship; an adhesion to leadership within a hierarchy of talent and responsibility from an appreciation of the workings of Nature conducive to the ascendancy of the superior; and from this oneness with Nature a desire to conserve by organic management the resources of this planet.”

– Colin Jordan, National Socialism Not Fascism, from Part I: Democracy Brings the Police State, in The Way Ahead by Colin Jordan (full article that has never been released online before or published in book format coming soon…) See also Selected Quotes by Colin Jordan.


“In the same way in which last year the Italian people followed with great enthusiasm the visit of their Duce to Germany, so in recent days the German people have had their share, and passionately followed the visit of their Führer to your Empire, Italian Fascists! The two great and civil Nations have once again spent days sharing joy, happiness and triumph. They have experienced an atmosphere of sublime awareness, because noble thoughts—conceived by the best minds of the two Empires in a common identity of views—are the source of friendship, and mutual personal friendship between the same two leaders: Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler.

With noble pride, these two great historical figures can now take a retrospective look at the revolutions which they introduced into European and world history: Fascism and National Socialism.

Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler liberated their people from Marxism and saved them from Bolshevism. It is they who gained and ensured political freedom and social justice for their people. It is they who created and animated the vital forces of their Nations, secured the honour of labour, and the honour of all the workers of the two Empires. Through their Parties they have rejuvenated the two countries, transforming them into imperial Nations. Nothing could be more natural, therefore, that both in Germany and in Italy the closest comrades of the Duce and the Führer, the comrades of the first hour, the Old Guard of Fascism and National Socialism have proven an inexpressible satisfaction in this pleasant spring of friendship between the two Revolutions which they serve and the two Leaders whom they obey. For them, these days constitute the radiant apotheosis of their battle.

Fascists! We, the followers of Adolf Hitler, and you, the followers of Benito Mussolini, together we unite in a common pride because we enter into history as men who, at a crucial moment in the development of the life of our people, gave our whole beings over to greater men. Destiny gave them to us in these days of anguish and struggle. They are the chosen spirits of all those who have been born on Italian and German soil.

I salute you, therefore, in the fair waiting for the days ahead: Viva Mussolini! Heil Hitler!”

– Rudolf Hess, Fascism and National Socialism (Published in Gerarchia, June 6th 1938)


The following is Dr. William L. Pierce, Ph.D. on the Difference between National Socialism and Fascism (with commentary by James Harting):

THE NOTION that the National-Socialism of Adolf Hitler is a type or variant of a more generally defined “fascism” is a staple of Marxist propaganda and analysis. Indeed, the Marxists have been so persistent and strident in making this false claim that it has infected the thinking even of some of those who claim to be NS themselves. (ILLUSTRATION: Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler in 1941)

Back in 1970, Dr. William L. Pierce addressed this issue in his column “Questions & Answers for National Socialists,” that appeared in WHITE POWER: The Newspaper of White Revolution, which was a mass distribution tabloid of the National Socialist White People’s Party. (Dr. Pierce is listed as the “Associate Editor” for the issue in which this particular column was printed.)

Q: Liberals often refer to National Socialists as “fascists.” Are they correct in this practice?

A: Liberals apply the label “fascist” to anyone whose ideas they find abhorrent or dangerous — even conservatives. They tend to use this term as a smear word, not restricting it to the adherents of any specific ideology. Thus, they probably feel as justified in trying to smear us with the label “fascist” as any other of their opponents.

Q: Well, is it proper for National Socialists to refer to themselves as “fascists?”

A: Certainly not. When we use the term we are virtually always referring to the adherents of the specific social-political doctrine on which Benito Mussolini founded his governmental system in Italy — that is Fascist with a capital “F.” Although it may not seem important to the liberal, there is a profound difference between National Socialism and Fascism.

Q: But I thought that both Fascism and National Socialism were highly centralized, authoritarian and strongly nationalistic forms of government, with only slight differences between the ways they operated.

A: You have been reading too many textbooks written by liberals. Certainly the Fascist state and the National Socialist movement are authoritarian, and they both have a strong social basis. Furthermore, both Adolf Hitler’s National Socialist government and Mussolini’s Fascist government administered most of their programs for national and social renewal on a centralized, nationwide basis. Both governments brought forth immense popular enthusiasm, which was manifested in numerous public demonstrations and celebrations. All these things contributed to a seeming similarity. But the differences betwen the two systems are by no means slight!

Q: What are some of these differences?

A: The really fundamental difference lies in the role of the state and the race under each system.

In Mussolini’s word’s:

“The Fascist conception of the state is all-embracing: outside of it no human or spiritual values can exist, much less have any real worth. Thus understood, Fascism is totalitarian, and the Fascist state — a synthesis and a unit of all values — interprets, develops and potentiates the whole life of a people…It is not the nation that generates the state…Rather it is the state which creates the nation, conferring volition and, therefore, real life on a people…In the Fascist conception, the state is an absolute before which individuals and groups are relative…”

To the National Socialist, on the other hand, it is our Race, not the state, which is all-important. In Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler wrote:

“The state is a means to an end. Its end lies in the preservation and advancement of a community of physically and spiritually similar creatures… States which do not serve this purpose are misbegotten monstrosities in fact.” (II:2)
There are many important consequences of this basic difference in attitudes. For example, under Fascism anyone, regardless of racial background can be a citizen, as long as he accepts his responsibility to the state. Under National Socialism, on the other hand, membership in the racial community is the first requirement of citizenship. (Source: WHITE POWER: The Newspaper of White Revolution, number 11, January-February 1970, p. 5)
Comments by James Harting
Apart from theoretical considerations that Dr. Pierce discusses, historically Fascism was notoriously weak on the crucial issues of Race and the Jewish Question. This is true both of Mussolini’s original and of knock-off copies, such as that of Sir Oswald Mosely.
From 1914 through 1935, Mussolini’s mistress, confidant and political advisor was Margherita Sarfatti, a wealthy Italian Jewish intellectual. She undoubtedly influenced Fascist doctrine and policies during this period, and was probably responsible for the Duce’s initial hostility to National-Socialism and the Hitler movement.
A more public example of Fascist policy is the 1935 invasion and subsequent conquest of Ethiopia by the Italians. This action is absolutely unjustifiable from National-Socialist standpoint. Apart from all other criticisms, the end result of bringing tens of millions of Ethiopians into Mussolini’s neo-Roman empire would have been a disastrous racial contamination of the Italian bloodline. Even with the most stringent laws against miscegenation, Negro genes would have inevitably drifted into the Italian gene pool over time, and thence to all of Aryan Europe.
I am aware that the attitudes and policies towards Race and the Jews were markedly better during the second incarnation of Fascism, that of the Italian Social Republic of 1944-45. Under pressure from the Germans, either direct or indirect, the Fascists made an attempt to bring themselves into line with the Hitlerian New Order. But it was too little, too late.
On the fringes of the Fascist movement, Baron Julius Evola (1898-1974) made an effort to provide Fascism with an ideological racial underpinning, but his effort fell way short of what was needed. Evola’s theories are based on a “spiritual” racialism that is at odds with National-Socialist scientific, biological racialism. At the instruction of Heinrich Himmler, Evola’s theories were investigated by the SS and formally rejected as non-NS.
I know that there are some in the Movement who want to define Fascism more broadly, and include as “small-f” fascists, including all sorts of parallel movements from the 1930s and 1940s, such as the Falangists in Spain, the Arrow Cross movement in Hungary, the Legion of the Archangel Michael in Romania and Vidkun Quisling’s Nasjonal Sammling in Norway. Despite some superficial similarities, each of these movements was ideologically distinct from the others — and miles apart from the Hitler movement. Each country produced its own form of national regeneration, based on its own unique historical experience and immediate political needs. Whatever justification for existence these movements may have had in the pre-1945 world, in the post-War era they have none, for only an international, pan-Aryanist Hitler movement provides the way forward for our Race in the 21st century.
Note on the Movement career of Dr. Pierce: William Pierce’s Movement career may be divided into three periods:
Early — From the early 1960s through the assassination of Lincoln Rockwell in 1967. During this period, he served as a consultant to Commander Rockwell, and produced the first issues of National Socialist World, but otherwise his active involvement in the Movement was minimal.
Middle — From 1968 to 1970, Dr. Pierce played an active role in the National Socialist White People’s Party, of which he was a member and leading officer, and of the World Union of National Socialists, of which he was the General Secretary.
Late — Following his dismissal from the NSWPP and WUNS in 1970, he took over and then re-molded the National Youth Alliance, which he later renamed the National Alliance. During this long and productive period of Movement involvement, he authored four books, made numerous American Dissident Voices broadcasts, gave innumerable speeches and wrote countless articles, essays and editorials.
During the first two periods, when he supported the American Nazi Party/NSWPP, he openly identified himself as a National-Socialist, and his writings were explicitly NS. During the third period, he no longer publicly identified himself as NS, but everything he wrote, said and did was implicitly, although not explicitly, National-Socialist.
There is no discontinuity in ideological content between what Pierce first wrote in National Socialist World in 1966 and his American Dissident Voices broadcasts of 2002. Rather, his words comprise a seamless whole, from the beginning of his involvement with the American Nazi Party to the end of his life. I consider everything that William Pierce produced to be an integral and important part of American National-Socialism, no matter what the period was in which he produced it.

See also:

* What is Fascism by Jimmy Thunlind
* Povl H. Riis-Knudsen, “Nationalsocialismen – En Venstreorienteret Vevægelse”, 1982 (National Socialism: A Left Wing Movement). Translated into English in 1984 (A publication of WUNS). More information can be found here.
* Kosher Fascism in Britain by Fmr. Cncllr, Capt. Dr. Arnold Spencer Leese, M.R.C.V.S. which contains more information on Fascism and its differences than just the Leese article.

“Fascism is essentially an economic doctrine that has to do with the corporate state…”

– Cmdr. George Lincoln Rockwell, CBC Interview, 1965


“Fascism is preoccupied by the clothing (namely the forms of state organization), National-Socialism by the body (namely the racial eugenics).”Source